There are four bacteria responsible for Lyme Disease. In the United States, Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii are more common, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are more active in European and Asian countries. People living in woody and grassy areas are more prone to Lyme disease. Signs and symptoms of Lyme disease may vary in earlier and later symptoms. Early symptoms include rashes and redness, the rashes start in a bull eye pattern and keep on expanding and can expand up to 12 inches. Later symptoms: Erythema migrans rashes and joint pain are the most common later onset symptoms. Bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii are responsible for Lyme disease in the U.S and deer ticks carry these bacteria. These bacteria can enter your bloodstream through the skin due to a bite. The following measure can be adopted to prevent Lyme disease: Cover your body- If you are in the woody or grassy area cover your body with long pants, shoes, gloves and hats. Carry a pest repellent- Spray pest repellent on your skin, to avoid an insect bite.
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